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Synopsis: The Carbon Dioxide Grand Cycle

Solid CO2 (Dry Ice) Precipitation at Earth's Poles
( (Dry Ice snow)

R. Tanner * 2011 All Rights Reserved

It is a radical but sound proposal that it is possible for CO2 to change chemical phase and snow (precipitate) down over the poles of this planet during the coldest part of winter. However, it requires properly timed events in order for this to occur.

If I were to tell you that water, (H2O), becomes a vapor, goes up into the sky, moves northward (or southward), encounters cold temperatures, changes to a liquid or solid and falls to the surface, everyone would say, "of course it does." But if I say, "Carbon Dioxide can do the same thing," this is an idea no one has heard before, and it is hard for some to consider, or accept.

In order to understand CO2's role in the ecosystem, one must consider the relationship between H2O and CO2. The phase transition properties of H2O and CO2 are interactive. Carbon Dioxide (s) Dry Ice will freeze water. Dry Ice will prevent water ice from thawing. Dry Ice (CO2) will change chemical phase @ -78c @ 14psi. (See CO2 datasheet: physical properties)
This Thesis demonstrates that if correct amounts of CO2 (Dry Ice) fall, that it becomes sealed and compressed into the polar ice.

Season by season, layer by layer, the combined ices form a stable ice cap. This Binary ice has a greater resistance to melting, since the thermal capacity is greater *. This means it takes more heat to cause a phase change, i.e. melting. It would also cause the internal temperature of this ice to be at a lower starting temperature in the springtime, with the return of direct sunlight. This is how a healthy, binary ice cap protects against Global warming (Planetary Overheating) if the ice caps are at a predictable temperature, lower than the freezing point of water, it takes more heat from the lower latitudes, before you see polar ice melt.

The first primary discovery supporting this thesis is the seasonal formation of an atmospheric 'cold spot' above whichever pole is in 24-hour darkness. Two factors affect the volume of this cold spot (Solid/Space of Rotation). One is the tilt of the earth – about 23.5 degrees. The other is the fact that the earth is not a perfect sphere. (Oblated Spheroid)

Due to the tilt of the earth, as the earth approaches the solstice, 24-hour darkness falls. But when the sun dips below the horizon and I am standing at the pole, I could go up to 1 mile in altitude and see the sun again. However, the sun will again fall below the horizon. I could go up to 2 miles, and so on, until I reach the altitude where the CO2 would be when it arrives at the pole, if it were to be moved from the equatorial and temperate zones to the poles. (About 6 to 7 miles in altitude, about 5,000+ miles from the Equator to the poles)

It is postulated here that the ancient practice of burning the agricultural fields after they have been harvested in the fall is the driving impulse for the movement of CO2. (Class 3 Firestorms) (See diagram #3) (U.S. Gov. Bans field burning in 1981)
Major fires in the temperate zones of the earth cause very powerful updrafts in the atmosphere and I cite the science of fluid dynamics to show that CO2 would act in a liquid manner even when it is in the gas phase due to its molecular structure and low inter-molecular forces of attraction needed for the liquid phase to be observed.

A class three firestorm creates a thermal column that drives hot CO2 up into the atmosphere. The updraft starts out at about 110 miles per hour updraft and the CO2 layer is at about 8 to 9 miles above the temperate zone. In less than 15 minutes, the updraft from a firestorm will impact the built up CO2, causing it to move. As CO2 moves toward the pole, it passes through more and more of the atmosphere that is in darkness, and it will radiate more heat into space, becoming colder, denser, and more viscous. It will descend in altitude both due to increased density from falling temperatures AND the decrease in centrifugal forces from the planet's rotation. For planets, centrifugal forces are maximum at their equators and zero at the poles.

I do not know the exact altitude of CO2/Umbrall shadow intersection. But the altitude to which 24 hour darkness rises can be easily calculated.

Furthermore, the oblated shape of the earth would cause the "cold spot" to be greater in volume then if the earth's umbrall shadow were perfectly conical or a conical section.

It is an established fact that CO2 is trapped (sequestered) in polar ice core samples. The current dogma is that atmospheric levels of CO2 have fluctuated over geologic time frames and that CO2 gas near the surface of the polar ice has become trapped in layers of H2O snow.
I dispute that and say that CO2 solid Dry Ice fell and became trapped.
Therefor the second major discovery is that once CO2 is in the ice, the glacial ice then "flows" or descends into the ocean. When glacial ice pushes down below a depth of 70-psi water pressure, then CO2 can exist as a liquid. The glacial ice then melts from the bottom *, releasing a dense mixture of H2O and CO2. Both in liquid state and at the lowest possible temperature that such a mixture can be. The increase in density is due to the same space filling observed with alcohol and water. The above is intended only as a brief highlight of the facts supporting the theory.

The entire cycle is defined as follows: (See Diagram #3)

If fire burns in the temperate zones of the Earth at the correct time, - Oct 31 (All Hallows Eve) to Nov 21, (4 days before Thanksgiving) Northern Hemisphere; Mayday, May 1st for the fires to begin in the Southern Hemisphere and should burn for the same period, about three weeks, then the rising columns of hot air and CO2 impact the existing CO2 in the atmospheric layer and cause it to move toward the pole of that hemisphere. (See Diagram #2) As the CO2 moves, it losses heat to space, and becomes colder. As it approaches the pole, it encounters total darkness, and "Deposits" to solid state and falls. The crystals of CO2 can be microscopic and invisible to the naked eye *. It is possible that ash from the fires travelling with the CO2 assists in the phase transition by providing a surface upon which to solidify.
The same ash may effect the distribution of H2O rainfall in the temperate zones.

After falling to the ground, data from McMurdough station shows that during the middle of winter at the South Pole the temperatures are down to -87 C, cold enough for dry ice to dwell on the surface in solid phase for 6 to 8 weeks.
Once trapped in the ice (sequestered), the glacial ice flows to the sea, (flow rate: .5 meters /yr. *) pushing down to below the 70-psi threshold, and allowing CO2 to enter the ocean IN LIQUID FORM. The combined material is heavier than everything around it and it continues to fall as a strong downdraft current in the ocean. As this current falls, the Antarctic continent itself causes the CO2 rich currents to splay outward.

It is proposed that this event was the direct cause of the Cambrian Explosion, the vast and rapid flourishment of life in the ocean. When plants in the ocean had access to liquid phase CO2 in large quantities, plant life grew better, then oxygenated the oceans for the fish.

Oxygen (O2) would eventually be emitted from the ocean to the atmosphere at sea level. And new combustion causes the O2 to pick up another Carbon atom and the cycle continues, but only as long as the fires burn on time. Notes: The asterix in the text are where cited references will be inserted The diagrams are not to scale and are simply teaching aids to clarify the topic

Link for evidence page: Relativity_of_simultaneity

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This is Jupiter's red spot


Neptune's spot up close

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